This study presents viable options for farmer-bred varieties to have the opportunity to be integrated in Vietnam's seed supply system.

It aims to:
- Document Vietnam's policy environment on variety and seed certification system.
- Trace the processes which the HD1 variety went through, to become the first farmer-bred variety to pass national seed certification.
- Determine the benefits and costs of obtaining national seed certification.
- Find out the parallel systems of seed certification by farmers.
- Formulate recommendations on alternative systems that may help both farmer-breeders and the government to meet the seed-requirements of farmer-users.

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