The rights and technical capacities of indigenous peoples and smallholder farmers were the focus of the three-year global program ‘Putting lessons into practice: Scaling up People’s Biodiversity Management for Food Security’. The program aimed to support farmers to influence policies and institutions on the sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food security in the context of climate change. Around 83.700 households benefitted, including 15.532 primary target households, or 82.400 individuals, 60% of whom were women.

This briefing draws on the program’s results and suggests a global framework and six pathways for scaling up measures; it includes short case studies of the program’s innovations and lessons from Peru, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe. The case studies form the basis of the local-to-global, evidence-based policy recommendations on Farmers’ Rights and on the sustainable use of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA) of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA).